In order to address the continuing increase in the number of air passengers, the Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA) decided to construct a new terminal facility within the vicinity of the present Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA).
This resulted in NAIA Terminal 2 which began operations in 1999. Originally envisioned as a domestic hub, the terminal now houses both the international and domestic operations of the country's flag carrier, Philippine Airlines.
Designed by Aeroports de Paris to handle 9 million passengers annually, Terminal 2 features an arrowhead design focused on a six-storey central building called the Rotunda. The building system is built with white steel ossature, aluminum ceiling panels and marble floors. The dark tones of the basement levels provide a volcanic rock accent to the structure.
The arrow wings are designated North and South. Each wing has two levels with the ground levels featuring expansive lobbies to handle arrival traffic, while the second floor levels possess equally airy departure areas, check-in halls and boarding areas. The Northwing is used for PAL's international flights while the Southwing services its domestic flights.
On the landside, a two level access road with a 300-meter long viaduct surrounds a central park organized around the NAIA Control Tower and a central plant. On the ramp side is a V-shaped apron developed to maximize the parking stands. Twelve aerobridges connect the Terminal to the planes for direct access.
Gardens separate the different elements of the Terminal and landscape patios punctuate the wings. These elements create a soothing ambience and minimize passenger stress.